Edna McClain sitting next to Vincent Schuerch. She was at the time the senior Ph.d candidate under Dr. Robert Peterson, professor of eskimology at the University of Copenhagen. Schuerch was a leader in the Northwest Arctic Native Association (NANA).

Typical home in Nuuk, Greenland. The man pictured worked for the Greenland Broadcasting Company.

The signed charter adopted June 29, 1980.

Henrietta Rasmussen, graduate of University of Copenhagen, who came to Barrow to teach. She later became a member of the European Parliament.

Arnold Brower, son of  Charles D. Brower, and a leader at the time of the Barrow Whaling Captains Association.

Negovanna of Wainwright. After Bishop Chemnitz eulogized Eben Hopson at the opening of the second Inuit Circumpolar Conference, Negovanna played “Nearer My God to Thee” on the saw. The entire room found themselves in tears.

Tom Brower. In the foreground the President of NANA.

Hans Pavia Rosing of Greenland who was eventually elected the first president of the ICC.

Three clergypersons at the ICC memorial service honoring Eben Hopson: the first an Episcopalian, the second Bishop Chemnitz, and the third Presbyterian Samuel Simmonds.

Jens Lyberth, Greenlander Baha’i living in Canada, who was instrumental in joining the Inuit Tapiritsat (the Greenland land claims movement) and the Northern Quebec Inuit Association with Mayor Hopson in the early days of the ICC organization. Photo taken at the 1977 ICC.

Lars Chemnitz, out going prime minister of Greenland. Leader of Attusut Party which resisted Home Rule government. They were replaced by the Siunut Party which supported Home Rule government.

Willie Hensley and John Shaffer. Hensley was a leader in NANA and Shaffer became the first president of NANA.

Charlie “Etok” Edwardsen of Barrow was one of the strong organizational leaders of the ICC. He sold the idea to Charlie Watt who had his hands full with the politics of northern Quebec. Edwardsen was the Washington D.C. liaison for the North Slope Borough at the time.

Moe Wasillie was an artist and on the sound and video crew for the ICC. He went on to paint the memorial painting of Eben Hopson.

Nuuk scene with church.

Carl Pulio, student of Dr. Robert Peterson. Pulio was a teacher in Greenland. He and Henrietta Rasmussen came to Barrow in 1978 or 1979 as exchange teachers to try to introduce Eskimo language instruction.

Tom Brower speaking at the second ICC. At the time he was a senior Eskimo leader, son of Charles D. Brower of the Brower family of Browerville, Barrow. When he was 80 years old, he killed a polar bear from the front porch of the old Whaling Station house where he lived.

Mary Simon led the Canadian delegation and the charter committee. She worked with Ralph Anderson who represented the Alaskans. The two did most of the labor in putting together the charter. She went on to become president of the ICC, succeeding Rosing.

Mark Gordon, a leader of the Northern Quebec Inuit Association. He along with Jens Lyberth were early leaders in the organization of the ICC.

Charlie Watt, now a Canadian senator, was a leader of the Northern Quebec Inuit Associaton. He was a hold out on the project until Charlie “Etok” Edwardsen went hunting with him and convinced him to throw in his support with Eben Hopson to organize the ICC.

Hans Pavia Rosing, first president of the ICC.

Ralph Anderson, special assistant to Eben Hopson, a Bristol Bay Yup’ik who, along with Mary Simon, wrote most of the ICC charter (while Eben Hopson was home dying of cancer).

Bishop Chemnitz eulogizing Eben Hopson at the opening of the second ICC — giving his Moses speech.

Hensley and Rosing conferring.

Scene from the second meeting of the ICC.

Greenlander actor, resident of Copenhagen, performing at Barrow.

He later became the Siumut prime minister of Greenland.

Carl Moses Pujo and someone else.

Lennie Lane of Point Hope.

Sam Raddy, president of COPE (Committee of Original Peoples Entitlement).

Old and new Nuuk.