In the 1880’s the US Army sent an expedition to Utqiagvik to do scientific studies, which afforded them the opportunity to observe the local Inuit for two years. The following is more information on the 1884 study submitted to the US Army:

Report of the International Polar Expedition to Point Barrow, Alaska – 1884


A naturalist named John Murdoch was a member of the expedition who observed the Inuit for two years.  The documentation he recorded was too extensive  to include in the report to the US Army.  Instead, he filed his report with the Smithsonian Institute.  Following is a link to more information:

1887-1888 Annual Report of the US Bureau of Ethnology to the Smithsonian Institute